Chloride and bicarbonate solutions of choline were infused into the anteroventral part of the third ventricle of two different groups of rats through chronically implanted stainless steel cannulae. Dipsogenic and feeding responses elicited by these solutions were studied by observations taken at half hour intervals up to two h and then, after 24 h of infusions. Results were compared with the control response evoked by similar infusion of artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF). Food and water intakes were recorded in different groups (n = 18 each) of rats. Dipsogenic response elicited by choline chloride solution in the observation taken 24 h after infusion, however, was higher only as compared to the control. Dipsogenic effect of bicarbonate solution was not significantly different from the control in the first two observations (30 and 60 min), but in the later observations (90, 120 min and 24 h), it was significantly higher. None of the choline solutions significantly alter feeding response within 2 h of infusions. However, in the observation taken 24 h after infusion, the response evoked by choline chloride was greater than that elicited by aCSF. The results support our earlier observation that chloride concentration of third ventricular CSF significantly influences water and food consumption. Intraventricularly administered choline also appears to have positive influence on these behaviors.
- Third ventricle