Mixtures of group-based Markov models of evolution correspond to joins of toric varieties. In this paper, we establish a large number of cases for which these phylogenetic join varieties realize their expected dimension, meaning that they are nondefective. Nondefectiveness is not only interesting from a geometric point-of-view, but has been used to establish combinatorial identifiability for several classes of phylogenetic mixture models. Our focus is on group-based models where the equivalence classes of identified parameters are orbits of a subgroup of the automorphism group of the abelian group defining the model. In particular, we show that for these group-based models, the variety corresponding to the mixture of r trees with n leaves is nondefective when n≥ 2 r+ 5. We also give improved bounds for claw trees and give computational evidence that 2-tree and 3-tree mixtures are nondefective for small n.
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
- Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.