Dimensions of biodiversity in the Earth mycobiome

Kabir G. Peay, Peter G. Kennedy, Jennifer M. Talbot

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

172 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fungi represent a large proportion of the genetic diversity on Earth and fungal activity influences the structure of plant and animal communities, as well as rates of ecosystem processes. Large-scale DNA-sequencing datasets are beginning to reveal the dimensions of fungal biodiversity, which seem to be fundamentally different to bacteria, plants and animals. In this Review, we describe the patterns of fungal biodiversity that have been revealed by molecular-based studies. Furthermore, we consider the evidence that supports the roles of different candidate drivers of fungal diversity at a range of spatial scales, as well as the role of dispersal limitation in maintaining regional endemism and influencing local community assembly. Finally, we discuss the ecological mechanisms that are likely to be responsible for the high heterogeneity that is observed in fungal communities at local scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-447
Number of pages14
JournalNature Reviews Microbiology
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 14 2016

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