Dimensionality and Predictive validity of the Classroom Learning Activities Checklist in Prekindergarten

Arthur J. Reynolds, Allyson J. Candee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The Classroom Learning Activities Checklist (CLAC) is a brief classroom observation measure that assesses task-oriented and self-regulated learning in early childhood environments. We assessed the tool’s dimensionality and validity in predicting prekindergarten (PreK) learning gains. The study sample is from the Midwest Child-Parent Center (MCPC) program, an evidence-based PreK–3rd grade school reform model providing comprehensive educational and family support services. Data from 1358 enrolled students in 72 observed classrooms indicated that a 2-factor model—instructional responsiveness and student engagement—explained 50% of the variance in item scores. Evidence for construct validity was strong. Linear and probit regression analyses indicated that CLAC scores independently predicted learning gains in literacy (ES =.34 SD) and math (ES =.30 SD) on the Teaching Strategies Gold Assessment System, a standardized performance assessment. Findings support the validity of the CLAC in assessing the classroom learning environment. Implications for program monitoring, evaluation, and professional development are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-407
Number of pages27
JournalEducational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019


  • Classroom assessment
  • Evaluation
  • Predictive validity
  • Prekindergarten
  • School readiness

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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