Digitization protocol for scoring reproductive phenology from herbarium specimens of seed plants:

Jennifer M. Yost, Patrick W. Sweeney, Ed Gilbert, Gil Nelson, Robert Guralnick, Amanda S. Gallinat, Elizabeth R. Ellwood, Natalie Rossington, Charles G. Willis, Stanley D. Blum, Ramona L. Walls, Elspeth M. Haston, Michael W. Denslow, Constantin M. Zohner, Ashley B. Morris, Brian J. Stucky, J. Richard Carter, David G. Baxter, Kjell Bolmgren, Ellen G. DennyEllen Dean, Katelin D. Pearson, Charles C. Davis, Brent D. Mishler, Pamela S. Soltis, Susan J. Mazer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Premise of the Study: Herbarium specimens provide a robust record of historical plant phenology (the timing of seasonal events such as flowering or fruiting). However, the difficulty of aggregating phenological data from specimens arises from a lack of standardized scoring methods and definitions for phenological states across the collections community. Methods and Results: To address this problem, we report on a consensus reached by an iDigBio working group of curators, researchers, and data standards experts regarding an efficient scoring protocol and a data-sharing protocol for reproductive traits available from herbarium specimens of seed plants. The phenological data sets generated can be shared via Darwin Core Archives using the Extended MeasurementOrFact extension. Conclusions: Our hope is that curators and others interested in collecting phenological trait data from specimens will use the recommendations presented here in current and future scoring efforts. New tools for scoring specimens are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1022
JournalApplications in Plant Sciences
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (grants DBI-1547229 [P.S.S.], DBI-0735191 and DBI-1265383 [R.L.W.], DBI-1458550 [R.P.G.], DBI-1410087 [A.B.M.], DBI-EF1208835 [C.C.D.], DEB-1556768 [S.J.M.], DBI-1458264 [J.R.C.], and DBI-1209149 [P.W.S.]). Additional support was provided by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Sibbald Trust, and the Scottish Government. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (grants DBI-1547229 [P.S.S.], DBI-0735191 and DBI-1265383 [R.L.W.], DBI-1458550 [R.P.G.], DBI-1410087 [A.B.M.], DBI-EF1208835 [C.C.D.], DEB-1556768 [S.J.M.], DBI-1458264 [J.R.C.], and DBI-1209149 [P.W.S.]).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Yost et al. Applications in Plant Sciences is published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the Botanical Society of America.

Keywords

  • citizen science
  • digitization workflows
  • herbarium specimens
  • ontology
  • phenology

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