Differential spatial modulation for dual-hop amplify-and-forward relaying

Meng Zhang, Miaowen Wen, Xiang Cheng, Liu Qing Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations


Differential spatial modulation (DSM) is a newly proposed differential modulation technique tailored to spatial modulation (SM), which requires no channel state information (CSI) at the receiver. DSM can offer flexible tradeoff between the reception reliability and the system complexity. In this paper, we are the first to study the adoption of DSM in a dual-hop amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying system, which consists of a two-antenna source, a single-antenna relay, and a single-antenna destination, so as to reduce the burden of channel tracking on both the relay and the destination. We derive a general upper bound on the average bit error probability (ABEP) achieved by the system. Moreover, an exact closed-form ABEP expression and the asymptotic result are provided for BPSK signaling in Rayleigh fading environment. The same system setup with the adoption of SM at the source is chosen as a benchmark for performance comparisons. Simulation results validate the analysis and reveal a 3dB signal-to-noise power ratio (SNR) penalty of the considered system compared with the benchmark.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2015 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781467364324
StatePublished - Sep 9 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2015 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 8 2015Jun 12 2015

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


OtherIEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.


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