Differential space-Time modulation with eigen-beamforming for correlated MIMO fading channels

Xiaodong Cai, Georgios B. Giannakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


In this paper, joint differential space-time modulation (DSTM) and eigen-beamforming for correlated multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) fading channels. While DSTM does not require knowledge of each channel realization, the channel's spatial correlation can be easily estimated without training at the receiver and exploited by the transmitter to enhance the error probability performance. A transmission scheme is developed here that combines beamforming with differential multiantenna modulation based on orthogonal space-time block coding. Error probability is analyzed for both spatially correlated and independent Rayleigh fading channels. Based on the error probability analysis, power loading coefficients are derived to improve performance. The analytical and simulation results presented here corroborate that the proposed scheme can achieve considerable performance gain in correlated channels relative to DSTM without beamforming.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1279-1288
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received July 29, 2004; revised May 19, 2005. This paper appeared in part in the Proceedings of the International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, 2003, Hong Kong, April 2003. This work was prepared through collaborative participation in the Communications and Networks Consortium sponsored by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory under the Collaborative Technology Alliance Program, Cooperative Agreement DAAD19-01-2-0011. The U. S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Government purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation thereon. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the Army Research Laboratory or the U. S. Government. The associate editor coordinating the review of this manuscript and approving it for publication was Dr. Yucel Altunbasak.


  • Beamforming
  • Differential optimal transmitter eigen-beamforming and space modulation
  • Error probability analysis
  • Optimal transmitter eigen-beamforming and space block codes


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