Differential regulation of membrane guanylyl cyclases in congestive heart failure: Natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-B, not NPR-A, is the predominant natriuretic peptide receptor in the failing heart

Deborah M. Dickey, Darcy R. Flora, Paula M. Bryan, Xin Xu, Yingjie Chen, Lincoln R. Potter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) bind natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-A and decrease blood pressure and cardiac hypertrophy by elevating cGMP concentrations. Physiological responses to ANP and BNP are diminished in congestive heart failure (CHF) by an unknown mechanism. C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) binding to NPR-B decreases cardiac hypertrophy, but the effect of CHF on NPR-B is unknown. Here, we measured ANP/NPR-Adependent and CNP/NPR-B-dependent guanylyl cyclase activities in membranes from failing and nonfailing hearts. Transaortic banding of mice resulted in marked CHF as indicated by increased heart/body weight ratios, increased left ventricular diameters, and decreased ejection fractions. In nonfailed hearts, saturating ANP concentrations increased particulate guanylyl cyclase activity almost 10-fold, whereas saturating CNP concentrations increased activity 6.9-fold, or to about 70% of the ANP response. In contrast, in failed heart preparations, CNP elicited twice as much activity as ANP due to dramatic reductions in NPR-A activity without changes in NPR-B activity. For the first time, these data indicate that NPR-B activity represents a significant and previously unappreciated portion of the natriuretic peptide-dependent guanylyl cyclase activity in the normal heart and that NPR-B accounts for the majority of the natriuretic peptide-dependent activity in the failed heart. Based on these findings, we suggest that drugs that target both NPRs may be more beneficial than drugs like nesiritide (Natrecor) that target NPR-A alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3518-3522
Number of pages5
JournalEndocrinology
Volume148
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Differential regulation of membrane guanylyl cyclases in congestive heart failure: Natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-B, not NPR-A, is the predominant natriuretic peptide receptor in the failing heart'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this