Differential reduction of gray matter volume with age in 35 cortical areas in men (more) and women (less)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is known that brain volume decreases with age. Here, we assessed the rate of this decrease in gray matter volume of 35 cortical regions in a large sample of healthy participants (n = 712, age range 36-90 yr) of the Human Connectome Project-Aging. We evaluated the difference in this rate between men (n = 316) and women (n = 396) and found that the volumes of cortical areas decreased by an average of 5.25%/decade, with the highest rate of decrease observed in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex (7.28%/decade). The rate of decrease was higher in men than in women in general and in 30/35 (85.7%) areas in particular, involving most prominently the cingulate lobe. These findings could serve as a normative reference for clinical conditions that manifest with abnormal brain atrophy.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study showed an overall decrease of cortical gray matter with age but with different rates of volume reduction in different areas, with smaller decrease rates in women than in men. The highest volume reduction rate was observed for the rostral anterior cingulate cortex, an area linked to depression. These findings could serve as a normative reference for clinical conditions that manifest with abnormal brain atrophy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)894-899
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of neurophysiology
Volume129
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2023

Keywords

  • Human Connectome Project-Aging
  • aging
  • cortex
  • rostral anterior cingulate
  • sex

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

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