ORF 5 encoding the primary envelope glycoprotein, VP-3P, of a highly neuropathogenic isolate of lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus (LDV-v) has been sequenced. It exhibits 92% nucleotide identify with the ORF 5 of an LDV isolate that lacks neuropathogenicity, LDV-P, and the amino acid identifies of the predicted VP-3Ps of the two strains is 90%. Most striking, however, is the absence in the ectodomain of VP-3P of LDV-P. The ectodomain of VP-3P has been implicated to play an important role in host receptor interaction. VP-3P of another neuropathogenic LDV strain, LDV-C, lacks the same two N-glycosylation sites (Godeny et al., 1993). In vitro transcription/translation of the ORFs 5 of LDV-P and LDV-v indicated that all three N-glycosylation sites in the ectodomain of LDV-P VP-3P became glycosylated when synthesized in the presence of microsomal membranes, whereas the glycosylation of the ORF 5 proteins of LDV-v and LDV-C was consistent with glycosylation at a single site. No other biological differences between the neuropathogenic and non-neuropathogenic strains have been detected. They replicate with equal efficiency in mice and in primary macrophage cultures.
- Envelope glycoprotein
- Lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus