Differences in the apportionment of molecular and morphological variation in North American strawberry and the consequences for genetic resource management

Richard E. Harrison, James J. Luby, Glenn R. Furnier, James F. Hancock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Variation for 24 morphological traits measured in a greenhouse environment and 36 randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers was assessed among 318 wild octoploid strawberry (Fragaria spp.) genotypes from diverse habitats across the northern USA. RAPD marker frequencies and certain leaf and flower morphology traits (petiole color, leaf mass/area ratio, leaflet length and width, flower and receptacle diameter, petal width, flowers/inflorescence) were significantly different between the F. chiloensis-platypetala and F. virginiana-glauca species complexes. The proportion of variation accounted for by provenance effects was lower for the RAPD markers than for most morphological traits, especially in the F. virginiana-glauca species complex. Morphological traits of potential adaptive importance group the collection into provenances within each species-complex, and reflect the significant habitat and geographic differences across the region from which the germplasm was collected. Variation among populations within provenances was low for the molecular and most morphological traits, with a much larger amount of variability among plants within populations. Most of the variation for the presumably more selectively-neutral RAPD data was among plants within populations and populations within provenances rather than among the provenances that were recognized based on morphological traits, especially in the F. virginiana-glauca complex. Patterns of diversity for morphological traits must be considered, along with more selectively-neutral molecular characters such as RAPDs, to formulate effective sampling strategies and to properly estimate the quantity and apportionment of diversity within this germplasm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)647-657
Number of pages11
JournalGenetic Resources and Crop Evolution
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

Keywords

  • Fragaria chiloensis
  • Fragaria virginiana
  • Genetic resources
  • Morphology
  • RAPD

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