Differences in some circadian patterns of cardiac arrhythmia, myocardial infarctions and other adverse vascular events

G. Cornelissen, K. Tamura, B. Tarquini, G. Germano, C. Fersini, C. Rostagno, R. M. Zaslavskaya, O. Carandente, F. Carandente, F. Halberg

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Results from unpublished data on the incidence of adverse vascular events and from several published studies are reevaluated chronobiologically. Methods and results. Cosinor methods indicate 1. a circadian variation in the incidence of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PST), of broadly classified ventricular arrhythmia (VAr), and of atrial fibrillation (AF); 2. a statistically significant difference in the timing of the circadian rhythm of PST and VAr versus that of AF; and 3. a further difference in the timing of these rhythms from that in the incidence of myocardial infarctions (MI). Electrocardiographic records for spans longer than 24h show the extent of day-to-day variability in circadian characteristics of the given patient and indicate the presence of even lower- frequency components, notably along the scale of a week, that may underlie weekly and half-weekly patterns of morbidity and mortality. Conclusion. Beyond alterations in the about 1-Hz periodicity of the heart, predictable changes along the scales of the day and the week may constitute a clue to the etiopathology of a given condition and provide a basis for treatment timing. The assessment of unfavorable changes in the lower frequency components may provide a lead time long enough to prompt the institution of preventive, rather than curative, intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-88
Number of pages10
JournalChronobiologia
Volume21
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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