In vitro DM disappearance (IVDMD) and gas production can be used to rapidly estimate apparent total tract digestibility of DM and GE in feed ingredients used in swine diets. However, the accuracy of the system in estimating ME among sources feed ingredients with high content of dietary fiber is not clear. Objectives of this study were 1) to measure IVDMD of feed ingredients with high insoluble fiber content and determine and compare in vitro gas production kinetics from fiber fermentation among wheat straw (WS; 16 sources; 69.0-83.4% NDF), soybean hulls (SBH; 16 sources; 60.9-67.7% NDF), and corn distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS; 16 sources; 28.8-44.0% NDF); and 2) to estimate ME contributions resulting from gas production of DDGS. Each 2-g sample was hydrolyzed for 2 h with pepsin and for a subsequent 4 h with pancreatin. Hydrolyzed residues were filtered, washed, dried, weighed, pooled within the same sample, and used for subsequent fermentation using swine fecal inocula. Volume of gas produced was recorded at 11 time points during 72 h of incubation. Parameters of gas production kinetics were calculated using a nonlinear monophasic model, and differences among ingredients were compared using a mixed model. The IVDMD from simulated gastric and small intestinal hydrolysis (IVDMDh) in DDGS (55.7%) was greater (P < 0.05) than that in SBH (19.7%), which was greater (P < 0.05) than that in WS (14.5%). In vitro DM digestibility from simulated large intestine fermentation (IVDMDf) of SBH (68.5%) was greater (P < 0.05) than that of DDGS (52.7%), which was greater than that of WS (41.8%). In vitro DM digestibility from simulated total tract digestion (IVDMDt) was greatest (P < 0.01) in DDGS (79.2%) followed by SBH (74.8%), and both were greater than that in WS (50.2%). The asymptotic gas production (mL/g substrate) was greater (P < 0.05) for SBH (293) than for DDGS (208) and WS (53). There were differences (P < 0.01) in IVDMDh among sources of WS, SBH, and DDGS, whereas IVDMDf and IVDMDt were different (P < 0.01) among sources of SBH but not among sources of DDGS or WS. There were no differences in asymptotic gas production among sources of WS, SBH, or DDGS. In conclusion, the modified 3-step procedure allowed for characterizing the variability of DM digestibility and asymptotic gas production resulting from residue fermentation among WS, SBH, and DDGS and among sources of each ingredient.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
1Financial support was provided by the National Pork Board (number 13-014). 2Authors acknowledge the technical support from Sonja de Vries and Wilbert Pellikaan for the analysis of gas production data. 3Corresponding author: email@example.com Received July 11, 2017. Accepted October 13, 2017.
- Corn distiller’s dried grains with solubles
- In vitro asymptotic gas production
- In vitro dry matter digestibility
- Metabolizable energy
- Soybean hulls
- Wheat straw