Dietary patterns and home food availability during emerging adulthood: Do they differ by living situation?

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Abstract

Objective The objective of the present work was to cross-sectionally examine and compare dietary behaviours and home food environments by young adults living situation.Design Using data from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens)-II, a large diverse youth cohort originally sampled in Minnesota, linear regression was used to examine self-reported meal frequency, dietary intake and home food availability outcomes by living situation (i.e. living with parents, renting an apartment/house or living on a college campus).Subjects Young adults (n 1687), mean age 20.5 years.Results Results suggested that young adults living with their parents or in rented apartments/houses had less frequent meals, poorer dietary intake and less healthy home food availability compared with those living on campus. These findings were evident even after controlling for sociodemographic factors (e.g. race/ethnicity, socio-economic status), particularly among females.Conclusions Although few emerging adults consume diets that are consistent with national recommendations, those living with parents and in rented apartments/houses may represent particularly at-risk groups. These differences in dietary factors across living situations appear to exist beyond the sociodemographic differences in these populations. Effective nutrition and healthy eating promotion strategies are needed for young adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-228
Number of pages7
JournalPublic health nutrition
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2010

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Young Adult
Food
Parents
Meals
Eating
Linear Models
Economics
Diet
Population

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Home food environment
  • Living arrangement
  • Young adults

Cite this

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title = "Dietary patterns and home food availability during emerging adulthood: Do they differ by living situation?",
abstract = "Objective The objective of the present work was to cross-sectionally examine and compare dietary behaviours and home food environments by young adults living situation.Design Using data from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens)-II, a large diverse youth cohort originally sampled in Minnesota, linear regression was used to examine self-reported meal frequency, dietary intake and home food availability outcomes by living situation (i.e. living with parents, renting an apartment/house or living on a college campus).Subjects Young adults (n 1687), mean age 20.5 years.Results Results suggested that young adults living with their parents or in rented apartments/houses had less frequent meals, poorer dietary intake and less healthy home food availability compared with those living on campus. These findings were evident even after controlling for sociodemographic factors (e.g. race/ethnicity, socio-economic status), particularly among females.Conclusions Although few emerging adults consume diets that are consistent with national recommendations, those living with parents and in rented apartments/houses may represent particularly at-risk groups. These differences in dietary factors across living situations appear to exist beyond the sociodemographic differences in these populations. Effective nutrition and healthy eating promotion strategies are needed for young adults.",
keywords = "Diet, Home food environment, Living arrangement, Young adults",
author = "{Nelson Laska}, Melissa and Larson, {Nicole I.} and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer and Mary Story",
year = "2010",
month = "7",
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volume = "13",
pages = "222--228",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
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T1 - Dietary patterns and home food availability during emerging adulthood

T2 - Do they differ by living situation?

AU - Nelson Laska, Melissa

AU - Larson, Nicole I.

AU - Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

AU - Story, Mary

PY - 2010/7/7

Y1 - 2010/7/7

N2 - Objective The objective of the present work was to cross-sectionally examine and compare dietary behaviours and home food environments by young adults living situation.Design Using data from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens)-II, a large diverse youth cohort originally sampled in Minnesota, linear regression was used to examine self-reported meal frequency, dietary intake and home food availability outcomes by living situation (i.e. living with parents, renting an apartment/house or living on a college campus).Subjects Young adults (n 1687), mean age 20.5 years.Results Results suggested that young adults living with their parents or in rented apartments/houses had less frequent meals, poorer dietary intake and less healthy home food availability compared with those living on campus. These findings were evident even after controlling for sociodemographic factors (e.g. race/ethnicity, socio-economic status), particularly among females.Conclusions Although few emerging adults consume diets that are consistent with national recommendations, those living with parents and in rented apartments/houses may represent particularly at-risk groups. These differences in dietary factors across living situations appear to exist beyond the sociodemographic differences in these populations. Effective nutrition and healthy eating promotion strategies are needed for young adults.

AB - Objective The objective of the present work was to cross-sectionally examine and compare dietary behaviours and home food environments by young adults living situation.Design Using data from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens)-II, a large diverse youth cohort originally sampled in Minnesota, linear regression was used to examine self-reported meal frequency, dietary intake and home food availability outcomes by living situation (i.e. living with parents, renting an apartment/house or living on a college campus).Subjects Young adults (n 1687), mean age 20.5 years.Results Results suggested that young adults living with their parents or in rented apartments/houses had less frequent meals, poorer dietary intake and less healthy home food availability compared with those living on campus. These findings were evident even after controlling for sociodemographic factors (e.g. race/ethnicity, socio-economic status), particularly among females.Conclusions Although few emerging adults consume diets that are consistent with national recommendations, those living with parents and in rented apartments/houses may represent particularly at-risk groups. These differences in dietary factors across living situations appear to exist beyond the sociodemographic differences in these populations. Effective nutrition and healthy eating promotion strategies are needed for young adults.

KW - Diet

KW - Home food environment

KW - Living arrangement

KW - Young adults

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