Dietary linolenic acid and adjusted QT and JT intervals in the national heart, lung, and blood institute family heart study

Luc Djoussé, Pentti M. Rautaharju, Paul N. Hopkins, Eric A. Whitsel, Donna K. Arnett, John H. Eckfeldt, Michael A. Province, R. Curtis Ellison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine whether higher consumption of total linolenic acid was associated with rate-adjusted QT and JT intervals (QTrr and JTrr, respectively). BACKGROUND: Higher intake of fish omega-3 fatty acids and plant omega-3 such as alpha-linolenic acid is associated with lower risk of myocardial infarction. While long-chain omega-3 can inhibit ventricular arrhythmia, it is not known whether alpha-linolenic acid influences ventricular repolarization. METHODS: We studied 3,642 subjects from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart study who were free of myocardial infarction, left ventricular hypertrophy, pacemaker, and with QRS <120 ms. We used the 95th percentile of the gender-specific distribution of QTrr and JTrr to define abnormally prolonged repolarization. Within each gender, we created age- and energy-adjusted tertiles of linolenic acid and used regression models for analyses. RESULTS: Mean age was 50 years, and average intake of total linolenic acid was 0.74 g/day. There was an inverse association between consumption of linolenic acid and QTrr and JTrr (p for trend 0.001 and 0.0005, respectively). From the lowest (reference) to the highest gender-, age-, and energy-adjusted tertile of linolenic acid, multivariable adjusted odds ratios for prolonged QTrr were 1.0, 0.74 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57 to 0.96), and 0.59 (95% CI 0.44 to 0.77), respectively (p for trend 0.0003). Corresponding values for JTrr were 1.0, 0.73 (95% CI 0.52 to 1.03), and 0.59 (95% CI 0.40 to 0.87), respectively (p for trend 0.009). Exclusion of subjects taking drugs known to influence QT did not influence this association. CONCLUSIONS: Higher intake of dietary linolenic acid might be associated with a reduced risk of abnormally prolonged repolarization in men and women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1716-1722
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume45
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2005

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