Dietary Intake and Appetite Hormone Patterns among Mothers Participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: A Pilot Study

Megan M. Oberle, Eliza Whiteman Kinsey, Terri H. Lipman, Carolyn Cannuscio, Amy Hillier, Virginia A. Stallings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation has been associated with obesity in women. The objective of this pilot study was to describe the caloric intake and dietary quality at the beginning, middle, and end of a SNAP cycle among food insecure, African-American female head-of-households with overweight/obesity (n = 12). The feasibility of obtaining appetite-regulating hormones to assess the associations between appetite regulation and caloric intake was explored as a secondary aim. Mean caloric intake and dietary quality, as measured by HEI-2010 score, did not differ among study visits. Four patterns of caloric intake among the twelve subjects were reported in which all subjects reported caloric intake less than their daily requirements for weight maintenance. Appetite-stimulating hormone, neuropeptide Y concentrations, was positively associated with percent of Estimated Energy Requirements (%EER) consumed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Food insecurity
  • SNAP cycle
  • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
  • appetite

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