Dietary Corn bran altered the diversity of microbial communities and cytokine production in weaned pigs

Ping Liu, Jinbiao Zhao, Wei Wang, Pingting Guo, Wenqing Lu, Chunlin Wang, Ling Liu, Lee J. Johnston, Yuan Zhao, Xianhua Wu, Chi Xu, Jie Zhang, Xi Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Corn bran (CB) has been used as an ingredient for pigs, but the underlying mechanisms that improve gut health is less clear. This study was conducted to investigate effects of dietary CB on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, plasma indices related to gut hormones and immunity, gut microbiota composition, and fermentation products in weaned pigs. A total of 60 weaned pigs were allocated to two dietary treatments, and piglets in each group received control (CON) diet or 5% CB diet for 28 days. Growth performance, nutrient digestibility, indices of gut hormones and immunity in plasma were evaluated. Microbiota composition in feces was determined using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, and fermentation products were measured by high-performance ion chromatography. The results showed that dietary CB did not affect growth performance, nutrient digestibility, gut hormones, or fermentation products in the trial (P > 0.05). There was an increased response to CB inclusion on interleukin-10 production (P < 0.05). On day 28, piglets fed dietary CB had a higher shannon index (P < 0.05). The population of the Firmicutes in CB treatment were decreased (P < 0.05), while the percentage of the Bacteroidetes were increased (P < 0.05). In particular, the populations of Eubacterium corprostanoligenes, Pevotella, and Fibrobacter related to polysaccharide fermentation of cereal bran were increased (P < 0.05). In conclusion, a post-weaning diet containing 5% CB increased intestinal microbial diversity, especially higher richness of fibrolytic bacteria, and promoted anti-inflammatory response to some extent in piglets, these changes should facilitate the adaptation of the digestive system of piglets in the subsequent growing phases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2090
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume9
Issue numberSEP
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 4 2018

Keywords

  • Corn bran
  • Fermentation
  • Fibrolytic bacteria
  • Inflammation
  • Short-chain fatty acids
  • Weaned pigs

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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