Dietary Clostridium butyricum Induces a Phased Shift in Fecal Microbiota Structure and Increases the Acetic Acid-Producing Bacteria in a Weaned Piglet Model

Jie Zhang, Xiyue Chen, Ping Liu, Jinbiao Zhao, Jian Sun, Wenyi Guan, Lee J. Johnston, Crystal L. Levesque, Peixin Fan, Ting He, Guolong Zhang, Xi Ma

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77 Scopus citations


Clostridium butyricum is known as a butyrate producer and a regulator of gut health, but whether it exerts a beneficial effect as a dietary supplement via modulating the intestinal microbiota remains elusive. This study investigated the impact of C. butyricum on the fecal microbiota composition and their metabolites 14 and 28 days after weaning with 10 g/kg dietary supplementation of C. butyricum. Dynamic changes of microbial compositions showed dramatically increasing Selenomonadales and decreasing Clostridiales on days 14 and 28. Within Selenomonadales, Megasphaera became the main responder by increasing from 3.79 to 11.31%. Following the prevalence of some acetate producers (Magasphaera) and utilizers (Eubacterium-hallii) at the genus level and even with a significant decrease in fecal acetate on day 28, the present data suggested that C. butyricum influenced microbial metabolism by optimizing the structure of microbiota and enhancing acetate production and utilization for butyrate production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5157-5166
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
Issue number20
StatePublished - May 23 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
*E-mail: [email protected]. *E-mail: [email protected]. Phone: 86-13811794292. Fax: 86-10-62733688. ORCID Jie Zhang: 0000-0001-5010-0833 Ping Liu: 0000-0002-8298-6576 Xi Ma: 0000-0002-2856-9501 Author Contributions □These authors contributed equally to this work. Author Contributions The work was mainly conceived and designed by X.M. and G.L.Z. Experimental data were collected and analyzed by J.Z., X.Y.C., P.L., and J.B.Z. The manuscript was mainly written by J.Z. and X.Y.C. with revisions of the draft assisted by J.S., W.Y.G., and P.X.F. and edited by L.J.J., C.L.L., T.H., and X.M; X.M. resourced the project. All of the authors contributed to, read, and approved of the final manuscript. Funding This work was supported by grants from the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFD0500501), the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, 2013CB117301), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31722054, 31472101, and 31528018), the College of Animal Science and Technology “Young Talents Program” in China Agricultural University (2017DKA001), the 111 Project (B16044), National Department Public Benefit Research Foundation (201403047), the developmental fund for animal science by Shenzhen Jinxinnong Feed Co., Ltd., and the Beijing Nova Programme Interdisciplinary Cooperation Project (xxjc201804). Notes The authors declare no competing financial interest.


  • Clostridium butyricum
  • acetate production
  • fecal microbiota
  • phased shift
  • short chain fatty acid
  • weaned piglet


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