Diet-induced hypermethylation at agouti viable yellow is not inherited transgenerationally through the female

Robert A. Waterland, Michael Travisano, Kajal G. Tahiliani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

150 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of nonmutagenic environmental exposures can sometimes be transmitted for several generations, suggesting transgenerational inheritance of induced epigenetic variation. Methyl donor supplementation of female mice during pregnancy induces CpG hypermethylation at the agouti viable yellow (Avy) allele in Avy/a offspring. Epigenetic inheritance occurs at Avy; when passed through the female germ line, A vy epigenotype is not completely "reset." We therefore tested whether diet-induced epigenetic alterations at Avy are inherited transgenerationally. Female Avy/a mice were weaned onto either control (n=6) or a methyl-supplemented diet (n=5). These F0 dams were mated with a/a males. All F1 and F2 Avy/a females were weaned onto the same diet as their mothers, then mated with a/a males. F1, F2, and F3 A vy/a offspring were classified for coat color, an indicator of A vy methylation. In total, 62 F1, 98 F2, and 209 F3 Avy/a mice were studied. As expected, average Avy/a coat color was darker in the supplemented group (P<0.01). However, there was no cumulative effect of supplementation across successive generations. These results suggest that, in the female germ line, diet-induced Avy hypermethylation occurs in the absence of additional epigenetic modifications that normally confer transgenerational epigenetic inheritance at the locus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3380-3385
Number of pages6
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

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Nutrition
Diet
Epigenomics
Color
Methylation
Dams
Germ Cells
Dasyproctidae
Environmental Exposure
Alleles
Pregnancy

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Methyl supplementation
  • Nutrition
  • Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance

Cite this

Diet-induced hypermethylation at agouti viable yellow is not inherited transgenerationally through the female. / Waterland, Robert A.; Travisano, Michael; Tahiliani, Kajal G.

In: FASEB Journal, Vol. 21, No. 12, 01.10.2007, p. 3380-3385.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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