Diagnostic and Prognostic Role of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor in Wilms’ Tumor Patients

Richard Y. Lin, Peter A. Argenta, Kerry M. Sullivan, N. Scott Adzick

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Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a potent angiogenic peptide implicated in the growth and metastasis of solid tumors. Elevated concentrations of bFGF have been found in the urine of patients with bladder, prostate, and renal tumors. Furthermore, urinary bFGF levels have been shown to correlate with extent of disease. In order to test the utility of urinary bFGF as a Wilms’ tumor marker, we measured bFGF levels in preoperative and postoperative urine samples from 97 patients with Wilms’ tumor. Preoperative urine samples (n = 97), early postoperative samples obtained from 1 to 3 weeks after surgery (n = 43), and late postoperative samples obtained from 1 to 6 months after surgery (n = 66) were collected from Wilms’ tumor patients at 30 institutions between 1989 and 1993. Urine samples from age-matched controls (n = 17) were also obtained. The bFGF levels were determined in duplicate by a competitive sandwich ELISA capable of measuring bFGF at the pgtnl level. Samples were normalized for creatinine content. Urinary bFGF was elevated in 42% of preoperative samples when compared to controls (>90th percentile of normal). Patients with stage III, IV, and V disease had significantly higher preoperative levels of urinary bFGF when compared to patients with stage I and II disease (P < 0.01). Patients with relapse or persistent disease had significantly elevated late postoperative bFGF levels when compared to disease- free patients and controls (P < 0.05). Thus, in patients with Wilms’ tumor, elevated preoperative urinary bFGF levels raise the suspicion of aggressive disease while elevated postoperative levels may indicate recurrence or persistence of disease. These data suggest that bFGF is a biological marker for Wilms’ tumor and may have a role in the evaluation of patients with this disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-331
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1995


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