Diagnosis of advanced cancer among elderly medicare and medicaid patients

Cathy J. Bradley, Charles W. Given, Bassam Dahman, Zhehui Luo, Beth A. Virnig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Medicaid is implicated in late-stage cancer diagnoses, which is the primary indicator of a poor prognosis. OBJECTIVE:: We examined Medicaid enrollment and cancer diagnosis in patients ages 66 years and older. Medicaid enrollment was defined as enrolled 12+ months before diagnosis, enrolled <12 months before diagnosis, and enrolled after diagnosis. SUBJECTS:: Medicaid and Medicare administrative data were merged with the Michigan Tumor Registry to extract a sample of 46,109 patients with a first primary diagnosis of prostate, lung, breast, or colorectal cancer between 1997 and 2000. Measures were: (1) diagnosed during the same month as death; (2) invasive, but unknown stage; and (3) regional or distant stage disease. RESULTS:: Patients enrolled in Medicaid <12 months before diagnosis were at greater risk of breast (odds ratio [OR] ≤ 2.70; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] ≤ 1.22ĝ€"5.99) and lung (OR ≤ 2.18; 95% CI ≤ 1.45ĝ€"3.29) cancer diagnosis in the month of death than Medicare only patients. Similarly, patients with a history of Medicaid enrollment had a high risk of diagnosis with invasive, but unknown breast, lung, and prostate cancer stage. Patients enrolled in Medicaid following diagnosis had a higher risk of late stage colorectal (OR ≤ 1.30; 95% CI ≤ 1.01ĝ€"1.67), breast (OR ≤ 2.12; 95% CI ≤ 1.60ĝ€"2.82), and lung (OR ≤ 1.33; 95% CI ≤ 1.02ĝ€"1.75) cancer relative to Medicare only patients. CONCLUSIONS:: There is a preponderance of cancer diagnosis at death and cancer diagnosis with invasive but unknown stage in the Medicaid population, but the appropriateness of these diagnoses is unclear. Late-stage cancer tends to precipitate Medicaid enrollment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-419
Number of pages10
JournalMedical care
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2007

Keywords

  • Cancer detection
  • Cancer stage
  • Medicaid
  • Medicare

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