Diabetes reduces right atrial β-adrenergic signaling but not agonist stimulation of heart rate in swine

W. C. Stanley, J. J. Dore, J. L. Hall, C. D. Hamilton, R. D. Pizzurro, D. A. Roth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study assessed the effects of streptozotocin diabetes in swine on the heart rate response to β-adrenergic stimulation the adenylyl cyclase signal transduction pathway. Diabetic animals (n = 9) were hyperglycemic compared to the control group (n = 10) (12.6 ± 1.0 vs. 3.53 ± 0.29 mM). There were no significant differences between the diabetic and nondiabetic groups in the heart rate response to isoproterenol, however, there was a significant reduction (14%) in β-adrenergic receptor density in the right atrium in the diabetic (61 ± 3 fmol/mg protein) versus the nondiabetic group (71 ± 3) (P < 0.05). The content of guanosine triphosphate binding regulatory proteins (Gs and Gi) in the right atrium was not affected by diabetes, nor was adenylyl cyclase activity under unstimulated conditions or with receptor-dependent stimulation with isoproterenol. On the other hand, adenylyl cyclase activity was 34% lower when directly stimulated with forskolin, and it was reduced by 23% when stimulated through Gs with Gpp(NH)p. In conclusion, beta-adrenergic stimulation of heart rate with isoproteronol and the receptor-dependent signal transduction pathway remained intact in the right atrium of diabetic swine despite reduced beta-adrenergic receptor density, G-protein content, and direct stimulation of adenylyl cyclase activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-351
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume79
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • G-proteins
  • Heart rate
  • Receptors
  • Signal transduction

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Diabetes reduces right atrial β-adrenergic signaling but not agonist stimulation of heart rate in swine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this