Development of test methods and specifications for chemically activated binders

R. Douglas Hooton, Lawrence Sutter, Mary Christiansen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


There has been a proliferation of research and development activity focused on chemically activated binder technologies and other alternative cements for use in concrete. Some activated binder technologies have been used successfully in construction or in manufacture of building products. However, a major barrier to adoption of such new materials is the lack of appropriate test methods and specifications, often precluding their use in structural applications since they are not covered by building codes. Some existing test methods may be suspect for evaluation of new cementing materials because they often do not relate well to field performance for portland cement concrete. However, engineers have experience, familiarity and a comfort level with using portland cement concrete. In addition to raising specific areas of concern with existing test methods, alternative approaches to adapting existing test methods or development of new tests specific to evaluation of chemically activated binders and alternative cements are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-460
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication
Issue numberSP 320
StatePublished - 2017
Event10th ACI/RILEM International Conference on Cementitious Materials and Alternative Binders for Sustainable Concrete, ICCM 2017 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Oct 2 2017Oct 4 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Concrete Institute. All rights reserved.


  • Alternative cements
  • Building codes
  • Chemically activated binders
  • Durability tests
  • Test methods


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