Cysteine cathepsins are an important class of enzymes that coordinate a variety of important cellular processes, and are implicated in various types of human diseases. However, small molecule inhibitors that are cell-permeable and non-peptidyl in nature are scarcely available. Herein the synthesis and development of sulfonyloxiranes as covalent inhibitors of cysteine cathepsins are reported. From a library of compounds, compound 5 is identified as a selective inhibitor of cysteine cathepsins. Live cell imaging and immunocytochemistry of metastatic human breast carcinoma MDA-MB-231 cells document the efficacy of compound 5 in inhibiting cysteine cathepsin activity in living cells. A cell-motility assay demonstrates that compound 5 is effective in mitigating the cell-migratory potential of highly metastatic breast carcinoma MDA-MB-231 cells.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors wish to gratefully acknowledge the funding support provided by the PSC-CUNY Research Award Program , and Queensborough Community College (QCC)/Queens College NSF-STEP and NIH Bridges programs .
- Cancer metastasis
- Cathepsin inhibitor
- Cell migration
- Cysteine protease inhibitor