Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect IgG, IgM, and complement (C3) on canine erythrocytes.

R. E. Porter, M. G. Weiser, G. N. Callahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

An ELISA was used to detect IgG, IgM, and complement (C3) on the surface of canine erythrocytes. Erythrocytes were placed in wells of a microtitration plate and incubated with affinity purified, alkaline phosphatase-conjugated anti-canine IgG, IgM, or C3. Results of the ELISA were compared with the direct antiglobulin test (DAT) by preparing standard reference curves from canine blood type A erythrocytes that had been incubated with serial dilutions (1:2 to 1:8, 192) of canine anti-A serum. The ELISA detected increased erythrocyte-bound immunoglobulin and complement at two- to fourfold dilutions greater than those required for positive results with the DAT. The ELISA required small sample and reagent volumes and detected lower concentrations of immune components than did the DAT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1365-1369
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume50
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1989

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