Development of a multiplexed giant magnetoresistive biosensor array prototype to quantify ovarian cancer biomarkers

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, we developed benchtop and handheld Giant Magnetoresistive (GMR) biosensing systems that serve as platforms for detecting a wide variety of protein biomarkers for human diseases. System development included spintronic and nanomagnetic materials, biomolecular chemistry, electronic circuitry, analog and digital signal processing, firmware programming, user interface programming on both PC and Android smartphone, communications over both USB and Bluetooth, and mechanical integration. In this work, we demonstrated the benchtop GMR biosensing system in the context of ovarian cancer assay development. The prototype system delivered the required performance in terms of high-sensitivity multiplex assays in a portable format with enough flexibility to serve as a platform for ovarian cancer and many other diseases. We achieved multiplex detection of cancer antigen 125 (CA125 II), human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), and interleukin 6 (IL6), with limits of detection (LOD) as low as 3.7 U/mL, 7.4 pg/mL, and 7.4 pg/mL, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-307
Number of pages7
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Volume126
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • CA125
  • Giant magnetoresistance
  • HE4
  • Hand-held system
  • IL6
  • Multiplex detection
  • Ovarian cancer

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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