Development of a high drug load tablet formulation based on assessment of powder manufacturability: Moving towards quality by design

Changquan Calvin Sun, Hao Hou, Ping Gao, Chandra Ma, Cesar Medina, Francisco J. Alvarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of a robust tablet formulation for a high dose active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) by the trial-and-error approach is challenging. To meet the growing needs of bringing drugs to market faster and with reduced costs, more targeted and efficient development practices are in demand. Here we show detailed understanding of mechanical properties of API and excipients are essential in achieving efficient development of a high API loading formulation. The loading of the experimental drug, AMG458, was 50 wt% plus accompanying 1:1 molar ratio organic acid of ̃19%. We assessed manufacturability of powders based on their flow and compaction properties using a shear cell and a compaction simulator, respectively. We selected granulation process on the basis of poor flow properties of API and its blends with common direct compaction excipients. During the course of formulation development, we could quickly identify manufacturability deficiencies in the lead formulation. With detailed knowledge of the mechanical properties of excipients and formulated powders, we improved the lead formulation by overcoming manufacturability deficiencies using predictive and material sparing (< 10 g) approaches. Larger batches were subsequently manufactured to confirm predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-247
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Formulation development
  • Granulation
  • Manufacturability
  • Powder compaction
  • Powder flow properties
  • Tablet

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