Development of a ceramic pressurized volumetric solar receiver for supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle

S. D. Khivsara, Rathindra Nath Das, T. L. Thyagaraj, Shriya Dhar, V. Srinivasan, P. Dutta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, the supercritical CO2(s-CO2) Brayton cycle has been identified as a promising candidate for solar-thermal energy conversion due to its potentially high thermal efficiency (50%, for turbine inlet temperatures of ∼ 1000K). Realization of such a system requires development of solar receivers which can raise the temperature of s-CO2by over 200K, to a receiver outlet temperature of 1000K. Volumetric receivers are an attractive alternative to tubular receivers due to their geometry, functionality and reduced thermal losses. A concept of a ceramic pressurized volumetric receiver for s-CO2has been developed in this work. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis along with a Discrete Ordinate Method (DOM) radiation heat transfer model has been carried out, and the results for temperature distribution in the receiver and the resulting thermal efficiency are presented. We address issues regarding material selection for the absorber structure, window, coating, receiver body and insulation. A modular small scale prototype with 0.5 kWth solar heat input has been designed. The design of a s-CO2loop for testing this receiver module is also presented in this work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
PublisherWeb Portal ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791845868
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
EventASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology - Boston, United States
Duration: Jun 30 2014Jul 2 2014

Publication series

NameASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
Volume1

Other

OtherASME 2014 8th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES 2014 Collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period6/30/147/2/14

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