Development and Validation of the Minnesota Inference Assessment

Panayiota Kendeou, Kristen L. McMaster, Reese Butterfuss, Jasmine Kim, Susan Slater, Okan Bulut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The overall aim of the current investigation was to develop and validate the initial version of the Minnesota Inference Assessment (MIA). MIA is a web-based measure of inference processes in Grades K–2. MIA leverages the affordances of different media to evaluate inference processes in a nonreading context, using age-appropriate fiction and nonfiction videos coupled with questioning. We evaluated MIA’s technical adequacy in a proof-of-concept study. Taken together, the results support the interpretation that MIA shows promise as a valid and reliable measure of inferencing in a nonreading context for students in Grades K–2. Future directions involve further development of multiple, parallel forms that can be used for progress monitoring in K–2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalAssessment for Effective Intervention
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The research reported herein was funded by grant numbers R324A160064 and R305A170242 from the U.S. Department of Education to the University of Minnesota. The opinions are those of the authors and do not represent the policies of the U.S. Department of Education.

Publisher Copyright:
© Hammill Institute on Disabilities 2020.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • assessment
  • comprehension
  • inference


Dive into the research topics of 'Development and Validation of the Minnesota Inference Assessment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this