Development and operation of innovative scum to biodiesel pilot-system for the treatment of floatable wastewater scum

Erik Anderson, Min Addy, Paul Chen, Roger Ruan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


A novel process was developed for the biorefining of floatable wastewater scum and other waste oils from water treatment facilities into biodiesel and other value-added bio-products. To test the scalability and commercial potential of the technology, a 7000 l/year pilot-scale system was designed and built. Scum from a wastewater treatment facility, located in St. Paul, Mn, was collected and converted into methyl esters (biodiesel) according to the process chemistry. All of the incoming and outgoing process streams were sampled, tested, weighed and recorded to calculate both the process efficiency and product quality. Data from the pilot-scale system operation was compared to laboratory results and the theoretically expected values for each individual unit operation. The biodiesel was tested using a third party laboratory and confirmed it met all of the US EPA's test requirements for commercial-grade biodiesel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1066-1068
Number of pages3
JournalBioresource Technology
StatePublished - Feb 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was supported in part by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative‐Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources (LCCMR), the Metropolitan Council for Environmental Services (MCES), the University of Minnesota MNDrive program, Grand Challenges program, and the Center for Biorefining.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Biodiesel
  • Pilot-scale
  • Renewable energy
  • Scum
  • System-design
  • Wastewater

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