Developing reflective practice in teacher candidates through program coherence

Kathryn L. Allen, Katherine Brodeur, Madeleine Heins Israelson, Keitha Gail Martin-Kerr, Lisa Ortmann, Debra S. Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In this study, we explored the role of reflection at three stages of preparation across a teacher education program. Reflection has long been considered an essential aspect of professional practice for teaching; however, reflection is often vague and undefined. Through an examination of the opportunities we provided for our students to reflect, and systematic analysis of the levels of reflection our students engaged in, we found that the development of reflective practices could be understood and aligned across a professional preparation program. Furthermore, we considered our own pedagogical practices related to modality, prompting, scaffolding, assignment structure, and feedback in our analysis of a variety of student reflection artifacts, in order to understand the potential impact of our own pedagogical decisions across the program. Findings suggest that the program provided modeling and structures for reflection early on, encouraged the inclusion of multiple perspectives in relation to professional practice, and supported a synthesis of student learning of theory and practice as preservice teachers approached program completion. This article offers reflection as a tool for exploring issues of professional growth across a continuum of development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-96
Number of pages16
JournalTeaching and Learning Inquiry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 University of Calgary. All Rights Reserved.


  • Pedagogy
  • Reflection
  • Teacher education


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