Developing quantitative, multiscale models for microgravity crystal growth

Jeffrey J. Derby, Yong Il Kwon, Arun Pandy, Paul Sonda, Andrew Yeckel, Thomas Jung, Georg Müller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Scopus citations


Crystal growth conducted under microgravity conditions has had a profound impact on improving our understanding of melt crystal growth processes. Here, we present a brief history of microgravity crystal growth and discuss the development of appropriate models to interpret and optimize these growth experiments. The need for increased model realism and predictive capability demands new approaches for describing phenomena important at several disparate length scales. Of special importance is the ability to represent three-dimensional and transient continuum transport (flows, heat, and mass transfer), phase-change phenomena (thermodynamics and kinetics), and system design (such as furnace heat transfer during melt growth). An overview of mathematical models and numerical algorithms employed to represent such multiscale effects is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInterdisciplinary Transport Phenomena in the Space Sciences
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Inc
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)1573316393, 9781573316392
StatePublished - Sep 2006

Publication series

NameAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
ISSN (Print)0077-8923
ISSN (Electronic)1749-6632


  • 3d models
  • Convection
  • Crystal growth
  • Finite-element methods
  • Furnace heat transfer
  • Heat transfer
  • Mass transfer
  • Mathematical model
  • Microgravity
  • Multiscale models
  • Numerical model
  • Segregation
  • Transient analysis


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