Developing products for changeable learning factories

U. Wagner, T. AlGeddawy, H. ElMaraghy, E. Müller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Experiential teaching and research facilities such as learning factories provide a favorable environment and tools to develop, test and implement new products and manufacturing systems concepts and solutions. Learning factories that are geared towards the capabilities and requirements of changeable manufacturing systems (CMS) are used for validating new products, their variants and changeable production systems design, planning and control methods. Existing approaches of developing new products are reviewed, and a new approach to develop products for changeable learning factories is presented and validated by a case study. The new development approach is dedicated to changeable learning manufacturing systems by choosing a product line among many candidates to suite the learning system capabilities and desired learning outcomes. Designs for product variants that suite the learning factory and planned learning scenarios and training experience. This paper focuses on learning factories for changeable manufacturing systems, which are constructed to possess the necessary changeability enablers such as mobility, modularity, scalability, universality and compatibility. It is challenging to associate learning and research to a changeable manufacturing system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-158
Number of pages13
JournalCIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research reported in this paper was conducted at the Intelligent manufacturing Systems Center at University of Windsor in Canada, where the first two authors worked, in collaboration with the Department of Factory Planning and Factory Management, Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany. Research support by the German Research Foundation (DFG) as well as the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) program is gratefully acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 CIRP.

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Changeable manufacturing systems
  • Changeable processes
  • Experimental and research environments
  • Factories-in-lab
  • Layout configurations
  • Learning factories
  • Product development


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