Immobilization of enzymes is required for most biocatalytic processes, but chemistries used in enzyme immobilization are limited and can be challenging. Genetically encoded protein-based biomaterials could provide easy-to-use immobilization platforms for biocatalysts. We recently developed a self-assembling protein scaffold that covalently immobilized SpyTagged enzymes by engineering the bacterial microcompartment protein EutM from Salmonella enterica with a SpyCatcher domain. We also identified a range of EutM homologues as robust protein nanostructures with diverse architectures and electrostatic surface properties. In this work, we created a modular immobilization platform with tunable surface properties by developing a toolbox of self-assembling, robust EutM-SpyCatcher scaffolds. Using an alcohol dehydrogenase as model biocatalyst, we show that the scaffolds improve enzyme activity and stability. This work provides a modular, easy-to-use immobilization system that can be tailored for the optimal function of biocatalysts of interest.
- alcohol dehydrogenase
- protein scaffolds
- synthetic biology
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't