Determining otitis media severity from middle ear fluid analysis.

S. K. Juhn, W. J. Garvis, C. J. Lees, C. T. Le, C. S. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Otitis media has a complex multifactorial pathogenesis, and the middle ear inflammatory response is typified by the accumulation of cellular and chemical mediators in middle ear effusion. However, specific biochemical and immunochemical factors that may be responsible for the severity or chronicity of otitis media have not been identified. Identification of factors involved in chronicity appears to be an essential step in the treatment and ultimate prevention of chronic otitis media. We analyzed 70 effusion samples from patients 1 to 10 years of age who had chronic otitis media with effusion for two cytokines (interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha) and total collagenase. The highest concentrations of all three inflammatory mediators were found in purulent otitis media, and concentrations were higher in younger than in older patients. Mediator concentrations were similar in samples obtained from patients having their first myringotomy for otitis media with effusion and in those who had had multiple previous myringotomies. The multiresponse star, which incorporates several biochemical parameters in one graphic illustration, may best characterize the complex nature of middle ear inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-45
Number of pages3
JournalThe Annals of otology, rhinology & laryngology. Supplement
Issue number5 II
StatePublished - May 1994


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