Determining indigenous microalgae species in malakand water bodies for potential use as a biofuel production source

Fida Hussain, Bei Lu, Xin Lan, Jing Lyu, Hongkai Huang, Wenguang Zhou, Syed Zahir Shah, Muzammil Shah, Faisal Raza, Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Shuaib

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Abstract

As a renewable energy source, microalgae have wide interest as a potential tool to produce biofuel and bioproducts. Prevailing in the local habitat, indigenous microalgae are more successful for wastewater treatment processes. Integrated microalgae-based biofuel and bioproduct production with wastewater treatment is a successful practice of modern research. This report describes the isolation and identification of 61 microalgal strains from lakes, springs, ponds, creeks, and rivers of the gigantic area of Malakand, Pakistan. Our study involves the seasonal existence of Chlorophyta in the area, with most dominant flora identified in the summer season followed by spring, autumn, and winter seasons, respectively. The highest ratio of microalgae was found in stagnant waters followed by slow-running water and running water, respectively. However, algal species were reported from all water bodies throughout the year. Commercially important genera like Chlorella, Scenedesmus, and Chlamydomonas were also reported, attracting the research area for further analysis regarding biofuel, bioproduct production, and simultaneous wastewater treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-679
Number of pages11
JournalPolish Journal of Environmental Studies
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Biofuel
  • Bioproducts
  • Chlorophyta
  • Conservation
  • Malakand wastewater treatment

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