Determination of the cardiolipin content of individual mitochondria by capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection

Kathryn M. Fuller, Ciarán F. Duffy, Edgar A. Arriaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the application of capillary electrophoresis (CE) with postcolumn laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detection to measure the cardiolipin content of individual mitochondria from cultured NS1 cells. Mitochondria were isolated by differential centrifugation and stained with the fluorescent dye 10-N-nonyl acridine orange which stoichiometrically binds to cardiolipin in a 1:1 or 2:1 ratio depending on the dye concentration. The green fluorescence resulting from the 1:1 complex was chosen for analysis because it is substantially more intense than the red fluorescence resulting from the 2:1 complex. Two dye concentrations that resulted in maximal and submaximal formation of the 1:1 10-N-nonyl acridine orange - cardiolipin complex were identified by spectrofluorometry. Individual mitochondria stained with both dye concentrations were separated and detected by CE with LIF detection. The data from mitochondria dosed with the lower dye concentration, where it is assumed that all the dye added to the mitochondrial sample was bound to cardiolipin, were used to derive a sensitivity factor relating fluorescence intensity of a mitochondrial event to its cardiolipin content. Using this factor, the cardiolipin contents of individual mitochondria stained with the higher dye concentration were determined, and ranged from 1.2 to 920 amol, with a median value of 4 amol. These results suggest a new strategy for estimating the organellar content of compounds that can be fluorescently tagged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1571-1576
Number of pages6
JournalELECTROPHORESIS
Volume23
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Cardiolipin
  • Laser-induced fluorescence
  • Mitochondria
  • Nonyl acridine orange

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