Determination of lung cancer incidence in the elderly using medicare claims data

A. Marshall Mcbean, J. Daniel Babish, Joan L. Warren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program of the National Cancer Institute provides data for making national estimates of lung cancer incidence and for monitoring secular trends. The authors compared the number of cases of lung cancer and the incidence rates among elderly residents of the five states included in the SEER program in 1986-1987 with the number of incident cases identified and the rates calculated using hospitalization and enrollment data on elderly Medicare beneficiaries maintained by the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) for the same years. The SEER program state registries identified 5.9% more cases than did HCFA (p < 0.01). However, the overall rates were similar (274.2/100,000 population for SEER and 264.7/100,000 population for HCFA), as were the majority of the rates for the different demographic subgroups examined. Age-adjusted lung cancer incidence rates for 1986 through 1990 among elderly Medicare beneficiaries residing outside of all nine SEER areas were 8-13 percent higher than the rates calculated for SEER-area residents. This observation is supported by the existence of similar differences in the age-adjusted lung cancer mortality rates for 1979 through 1988 in the same populations. Because the SEER areas may not be representative of the entire nation for lung cancer incidence and HCFA data cover the entire country, the authors recommend using HCFA information to complement the SEER data system. Am J Epidemiol 1993;137:226-34.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-234
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume137
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 1993

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Data collection
  • Epidemiologic methods
  • Lung neoplasms
  • Medicare
  • Registries
  • United States Health Care Financing Administration

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