This experiment was conducted to determine the digestible and metabolizable energy (DE and ME) content of lipid sources when fed to growing pigs and to establish prediction equations for determining the DE and ME content of the lipid sources based on their fatty acid composition. Eighty-four crossbred growing barrows (Duroc×Landrace×Yorkshire, weighing 39.4±3.5 kg) were randomly allotted to 1 of 14 diets with 6 pigs per diet involving 13 lipid sources and a basal diet composed of corn and soybean meal according to a randomized complete block design. The lipid sources were substituted into the basal diet at a level of 10% at the expense of corn and soybean meal. The barrows were housed in individual metabolism crates to facilitate separate collection of feces and urine, and were fed the assigned test diets at 4% of initial body weight per day. A 5-d total collection of feces and urine followed a 7-d diet adaptation period. The results showed that the DE and ME content of lipid sources were affected by the composition of their fatty acids. The DE and ME content of lipid sources containing more polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) were usually greater. The DE and ME content of the most examined vegetable and animal lipid sources can be predicted by the content of PUFA, oleic acid (C18:1) and stearic acid (C18:0). The best prediction equation is: DE=34.15+0.07×PUFA+0.21×C18:0-0.04×C18:1 (R2=0.84, P<0.01); ME=33.37+0.07×PUFA+0.20×C18:0-0.04×C18:1 (R2=0.85, P<0.01).
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was financially supported by the Special Public Sector Fund in Agriculture ( 200903006 ).
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.
- Energy content
- Growing pig
- Prediction equation