Detection of Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus infection in porcine oral fluid samples: A longitudinal study under experimental conditions

John Prickett, Robert Simer, Jane Christopher-Hennings, Kyoung Jin Yoon, Richard B. Evans, Jeffrey J. Zimmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

141 Scopus citations

Abstract

Isolation of Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) from oral fluids was first reported in 1997. The objective of the present study was to determine whether PRRSV and/or anti-PRRSV antibodies were present in oral fluids at diagnostic levels. The level and duration of PRRSV and anti-PRRSV antibodies in serum and oral fluids was evaluated in 3 age groups of pigs (4, 8, or 12 weeks of age) inoculated with a type 2 (North American) PRRSV isolate. Serum, buccal swabs, and pen-based oral fluid samples were collected for 63 days following inoculation. Specimens were assayed for PRRSV by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and for anti-PRRSV antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT). Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus was detected by real-time qRT-PCR in serum for approximately 5 weeks and in oral fluids for approximately 4 weeks postinoculation. Pig age at the time of inoculation had no effect on the quantity or duration of virus in oral fluid samples. Low levels of anti-PRRSV antibody were detected in oral fluid samples by ELISA and IFAT. Although the approach remains to be validated in the field, the results of this experiment suggest that pen-based oral fluid sampling could be an efficient, cost-effective approach to PRRSV surveillance in swine populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-163
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Detection
  • Monitor
  • Mucosal transudate
  • Oral fluids
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
  • Surveillance

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