Detection of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in naturally infected gilts over time

Karine L. Takeuti, David E.S.N. de Barcellos, Anne C. de Lara, Cintia F. Kunrath, Maria Pieters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae causes a chronic respiratory infection in pigs and its transmission occurs mainly by direct contact and by vertical transmission (sow-to-piglet). The objective of this study was to assess the detection dynamics and persistence of M. hyopneumoniae natural infection in replacement gilts. Forty-four twenty-day-old gilts were selected from a M. hyopneumoniae positive farm and followed up to one day prior to their first weaning. Laryngeal swabs were collected every 30 days, starting at day 20, for M. hyopneumoniae detection by real-time PCR, resulting in 12 samplings. Piglets born to selected females were sampled via laryngeal swabs one day prior to weaning to evaluate sow-to-piglet transmission. The M. hyopneumoniae prevalence was estimated at each one of the 12 samplings in gilts and a multiple comparison test and Bonferroni correction were performed. Bacterial detection in gilts started at 110 days of age (doa) and a significant increase (p < 0.05) occurred at 140 doa. The M. hyopneumoniae prevalence remained above 20% from 140 to 230 doa, decreasing thereafter. However, it did not reach 0% at any sampling after 110 doa. In this study, M. hyopneumoniae was not detected in piglets sampled prior to weaning. The M. hyopneumoniae detection pattern showed that in natural infections, gilts were positive for M. hyopneumoniae for one to three months, but occasionally long-term detection may occur. Moreover, the lack of M. hyopneumoniae detection throughout the study in 18.2% of gilts indicated the existence of negative subpopulations in positive herds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-220
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume203
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Keywords

  • Detection pattern
  • Enzootic pneumonia
  • Laryngeal swabs
  • Longitudinal study
  • Persistence
  • Subpopulations

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