The phorbol ester, 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), was used as a reversible inhibitor of melanogenesis. Chick-melanocyte cultures of the black genotype, EIE, were grown in conditioned medium plus TPA. After growth in TPA and after its removal, the cells were pulse labeled with 3H-leucine. The membrane fraction, which included all tyrosinase activity as well as both mature and immature melanosomes, was solubilized with Triton X-100. The proteins were separated using two-dimensional electrophoresis and visualized by fluorography. One defined melanogenic protein, tyrosinase, was isolated, and its location was determined in the two-dimensional protein pattern. The protein patterns for both the TPA-inhibited cells and the cells in which the TPA effects were reversed after removal were compared. in addition to tyrosinase, at least nine TPA-sensitive proteins were found. These were designated as being putative melanogenic proteins which, along with tyrosinase, may be responsible for melanin-granule synthesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1985|