Detection of Exocyclic Guanine Adducts in Hydrolysates of Hepatic DNA of Rats Treated with N-Nitrosopyrrolidine and in Calf Thymus DNA Reacted with α-Acetoxy-N-Nitrosopyrrolidine

Fung Lung Chung, Mingyao Wang, Stephen S. Hecht

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Abstract

This report describes the isolation and characterization of DNA adducts formed in vitro from α-acetoxy-N-nitrosopyrrolidine and in rats treated with the hepatocarcinogen N-nitrosopyrrolidine. Esterase-cata-lyzed hydrolysis of α-acetoxy-N-nitrosopyrrolidine in the presence of calf thymus DNA, followed by neutral thermal hydrolysis of the DNA, resulted in formation of three previously unknown Adducts 1–3. They were isolated and characterized by their UV, mass, and proton magnetic resonance spectra as the exocyclic 7,8-guanine adducts 2-amino-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-9-hydroxypyrido[2,1-f)purine-4(6H)-one (Adduct 1), and cis-and trans-2-amino-7,8-dihydro-8-hydroxy-6-methyl-3H-pyrrolo[2,l-f] purine-4(6H)-one (Adducts 2 and 3). Adduct 1 was formed by addition of 4-oxobutyl diazohydroxide, or a related carbonium ion, to the 7 and 8 positions of guanine. Adducts 2 and 3 resulted from Michael addition of 2-butenal to the 7 and 8 positions of guanine. Esterase-catalyzed hydrolysis of α-acetoxy-N-nitrosopyrrolidine in the presence of DNA also produced the exocyclic 1, N2-propanodeoxyguanosine Adducts 4a and 4b which we have previously described. Neutral thermal hydrolysates of hepatic DNA isolated from rats treated with N-nitrosopyrrolidine contained a fluorescent adduct, as previously reported (E. J. Hunt and R. C. Shank, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 104:1343, 1982). This fluorescent adduct was shown to be identical to Adduct 1. Adducts 2, 3, 4a, and 4b were not detected in hepatic DNA hydrolysates from these animals. The results of this study provide the first example of a structurally characterized DNA adduct formed in vivo from a cyclic nitrosamine and support the a-hydroxylation hypothesis of cyclic nitrosamine metabolic activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2034-2041
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Volume49
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 1989

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