Bipolar androgen therapy (BAT) is an emerging treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). 18F-DCFPyL is a small-molecule PET radiotracer targeting prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA). We analyzed the utility of 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT in determining clinical response to BAT. Methods: Six men with mCRPC receiving BAT were imaged with 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT at baseline and after 3 mo of treatment. Progression by PSMA-targeted PET/CT was defined as the appearance of any new 18F-DCFPyL-avid lesion. Results: Three of 6 (50%) patients had progression on 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT. All 3 had stable disease or better on contemporaneous conventional imaging. Radiographic progression on CT or bone scanning was observed within 3 mo of progression on 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT. For the 3 patients who did not have progression on 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT, radiographic progression was not observed for at least 6 mo. Conclusion: New radiotracer-avid lesions on 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT in men with mCRPC undergoing BAT can indicate early progression.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.
- early progression
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural