Secondary myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have been reported after autologous transplantation. It is not known whether the MDS results from the pretransplant conventional-dose chemotherapy or from the high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) used for the transplant procedure. We performed a multicenter, retrospective analysis of morphologically normal pretransplant marrow or stem cell specimens from 12 patients who subsequently developed myelodysplasia after HDC. To determine if the abnormal clone was present before HDC, we used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to detect the cytogenetic markers observed at the onset of posttransplant MDS. Cryopreserved, pretransplant bone marrow, peripheral blood stem cell specimens, obtained at the time of harvest, or archival smears were used. Standard cytogenetic analysis had been performed pretransplant in four patients, showing a normal karyotype. In 9 of 12 cases, the same cytogenetic abnormality observed at the time of MDS diagnosis was detected by FISH in the pre-HDC specimens. Our findings support the hypothesis that, in many cases of posttransplant MDS, the stem cell damage results from prior conventional-dose chemotherapy and may be unrelated to HDC or the transplantation process itself.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1999|