Detecting isodistance hotspots on spatial networks: A summary of results

Xun Tang, Emre Eftelioglu, Shashi Shekhar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spatial hotspot detection aims to find regions of interest with statistically significant high concentration of activities. In recent years, it has presented significant value in many critical application domains such as epidemiology, criminology and transportation engineering. However, existing spatial hotspot detection approaches focus on either on Euclidean space or are unable to find the entire set of hotspots. In this paper, we first formulate the problem of Network Isodistance Hotspot Detection (NIHD) as finding all sub-networks whose nodes and edges are reachable from a activity center and have significantly high concentration of activities. Then, we propose a novel algorithm based on network partitioning and pruning (NPP) which overcomes the computational challenges due to the high costs from candidate enumeration and statistical significance test based on randomization. Theoretical and experimental analysis show that NPP substantially improves the scalability over the baseline approach while keeping the results correct and complete. Moreover, case studies on real crime datasets show that NPP detects hotspots with higher accuracy and is able to reveal the hotspots that are missed by existing approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Spatial and Temporal Databases - 15th International Symposium, SSTD 2017, Proceedings
EditorsWei-Shinn Ku, Agnes Voisard, Haiquan Chen, Chang-Tien Lu, Siva Ravada, Matthias Renz, Yan Huang, Michael Gertz, Liang Tang, Chengyang Zhang, Erik Hoel, Xiaofang Zhou
PublisherSpringer- Verlag
Pages281-299
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9783319643663
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event15th International Symposium on Spatial and Temporal Databases, SSTD 2017 - Arlington, United States
Duration: Aug 21 2017Aug 23 2017

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10411 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other15th International Symposium on Spatial and Temporal Databases, SSTD 2017
CountryUnited States
CityArlington
Period8/21/178/23/17

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  • Cite this

    Tang, X., Eftelioglu, E., & Shekhar, S. (2017). Detecting isodistance hotspots on spatial networks: A summary of results. In W-S. Ku, A. Voisard, H. Chen, C-T. Lu, S. Ravada, M. Renz, Y. Huang, M. Gertz, L. Tang, C. Zhang, E. Hoel, & X. Zhou (Eds.), Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases - 15th International Symposium, SSTD 2017, Proceedings (pp. 281-299). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 10411 LNCS). Springer- Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64367-0_15