Detailed ultrasonographic mapping of the pelvis in clinically normal horses and ponies

J. E. Tomlinson, A. M. Sage, T. A. Turner, D. A. Feeney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Objective-To map the equine pelvis using ultrasonography, validated by use of computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and measurements of frozen cadaver slices. Animals-6 ponies and 6 horses. Procedure-Ultrasonographic examination of the pelvis was performed on 6 clinically normal ponies. Measurements were obtained for imaged structures. Computed tomography, MRI, and measurements of frozen sections were performed after death and used to verify measurements. Linear regression determined the degree of correlation between measurements obtained ultrasonographically and the other modalities. Six clinically normal horses were then examined by use of ultrasonography. For each structure measured mean, SD, and range were calculated. Results-Data obtained from ponies revealed high correlations between ultrasonographic findings and those of CT, MRI, and frozen section measurements (r2 = 0.97, r2 = 0.99, and r2 = 0.99, respectively). Differences between structures measured on each side of the pelvis were not significant. Variation in size of structures was not associated with weight of horses. A correlation was not found between weight of horses and ponies and size of structure. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Ultrasonography can be used to accurately measure and evaluate the musculoskeletal structures of the pelvis of horses. The use of CT, MRI, and measurements of frozen sections provided a means of validating the ultrasonographic measurements. Reference range values determined in our study can be used to evaluate horses with suspected pelvic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1768-1775
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001


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