Designing a sequence of activities to build reasoning about data and visualization

V. N.V. Rao, Chelsey Legacy, Andrew Zieffler, Robert delMas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Our complex world requires multivariate reasoning to make sense of reality. Within this paper, we offer a sequence of activities designed to develop multivariate reasoning by explicitly connecting data and visualization. The activities were designed based on a hypothetical learning trajectory we conjectured for students with limited experience with multivariate visualizations. Drawing from evidence collected using these activities in a series of professional development sessions with in-service teachers, we find that the activities functioned as intended, and thus we promote these activities for developing students' multivariate reasoning at the secondary and post-secondary level. We detail specific challenges the teachers faced, and based on these results, offer our reflections and recommendations for curricula and teaching.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S80-S92
JournalTeaching Statistics
Issue numberS1
StatePublished - Jun 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Teaching Statistics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Teaching Statistics Trust.


  • data
  • multivariate reasoning
  • teaching statistics
  • visualization


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