OBJECTIVE: In dental MRI intraoral coils provide higher signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) than coils placed outside the mouth. This study aims to design an intraoral dipole antenna and demonstrates the feasibility of combining it with an extraoral coil.
METHODS: Dipole antenna design was chosen over loop design, as it is open toward the distal; therefore, it does not restrain tongue movement. The dipole design offers also an increased depth-of-sensitivity that allows for MRI of dental roots. Different dipole antenna designs were simulated using a finite-difference-time-domain approach. Ribbon, wire, and multi-wire arms were compared. The best design was improved further by covering the ends of the dipole arms with a high-permittivity material. Phantom and in vivo measurements were conducted on a 3T clinical MRI system.
RESULTS: The best transmit efficiency and homogeneity was achieved with a multi-wire curved dipole antenna with 7 wires for each arm. With an additional high-permittivity cap the transmit field inhomogeneity was further reduced from 20% to 5% along the dipole arm. When combined with extraoral flexible surface-coil, the coupling between the coils was less than -32dB and SNR was increased.
CONCLUSION: Using intraoral dipole design instead of loop improves patient comfort. We demonstrated feasibility of the intraoral dipole combined with an extraoral flexible coil-array for dental MRI. Dipole antenna enabled decreasing imaging field-of-view, and reduced the prevalent signal from tongue.
SIGNIFICANCE: This study highlights the advantages and the main challenges of the intraoral RF coils and describes a novel RF coil that addresses those challenges.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Dental MRI
- Dipole Antenna
- Intraoral Coil
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Radiofrequency Coil
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article