Design of a mindfulness-based intervention to support teachers’ emotional regulation behaviors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Addressing teachers’ ability to better navigate stress and emotional responses has the potential to improve classroom behaviors, student learning as well as teachers’ wellbeing. While there is growing interest in mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), there is need for greater attention to design aligned with relevant theories and transparent reporting to improve the rigor and translation of research. While utilized widely in health and behavior fields, behavior change theory has not been applied extensively in education or MBI research. This descriptive methodological paper articulates the intervention mapping and design process of an MBI to improve teachers’ stress and emotional regulation. To improve reporting, we use a post hoc application of a well-established behavioral model. Application of the Behavior Change Wheel (BCW) as part of an intervention mapping approach for an MBI to align teacher’s needs with intervention elements most likely to achieve desired behavioral outcomes. The paper illustrates an approach which includes defining the problem in behavioral terms, identification of target behaviors and behavioral change techniques, and selection of strategies and modes of intervention delivery. A systematic intervention mapping approach applying the BCW can yield a holistic MBI for the desired behavior change, enhanced emotion and stress regulation in teachers. This example of applying the BCW to the design of an MBI demonstrates how intervention designers and researchers can make decisions about which techniques and delivery components to include in their interventions, and how to systematically describe them. Such approaches have the potential to improve the reporting and methodological rigor of future MBI research and the successful application of interventions in practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15674-15687
Number of pages14
JournalCurrent Psychology
Issue number18
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding for the reported work which is part of a larger demonstration project was provided through philanthropic support managed by the University of Minnesota Foundation and in-kind contributions of the authors.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).


  • Behavior change
  • Education
  • Emotional regulation
  • Intervention design
  • Mindfulness
  • Stress


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